MLton’s compile-time options control the name of the output file, the verbosity of compile-time messages, and whether or not certain optimizations are performed. They also can specify which intermediate files are saved and can stop the compilation process early, at some intermediate pass, in which case compilation can be resumed by passing the generated files to MLton. MLton uses the input file suffix to determine the type of input program. The possibilities are .c, .mlb, .o, .s, and .sml.

With no arguments, MLton prints the version number and exits. For a usage message, run MLton with an invalid switch, e.g. mlton -z. In the explanation below and in the usage message, for flags that take a number of choices (e.g. {true|false}), the first value listed is the default.

Options

  • -align n

    Aligns object in memory by the specified alignment (4 or 8). The default varies depending on architecture.

  • -as-opt option

    Pass option to gcc when compiling assembler code. If you wish to pass an option to the assembler, you must use gcc's -Wa, syntax.

  • -cc-opt option

    Pass option to gcc when compiling C code.

  • -codegen {native|amd64|c|llvm|x86}

    Generate native object code via amd64 assembly, C code, LLVM code, or x86 code or C code. With -codegen native (-codegen amd64 or -codegen x86), MLton typically compiles more quickly and generates better code.

  • -const name value

    Set the value of a compile-time constant. Here is a list of available constants, their default values, and what they control.

    • Exn.keepHistory {false|true}

      Enable MLton.Exn.history. See MLtonExn for details. There is a performance cost to setting this to true, both in memory usage of exceptions and in run time, because of additional work that must be performed at each exception construction, raise, and handle.

  • -default-ann ann

    Specify default ML Basis annotations. For example, -default-ann 'warnUnused true' causes unused variable warnings to be enabled by default. A default is overridden by the corresponding annotation in an ML Basis file.

  • -default-type type

    Specify the default binding for a primitive type. For example, -default-type word64 causes the top-level type word and the top-level structure Word in the Basis Library to be equal to Word64.word and Word64:WORD, respectively. Similarly, -default-type intinf causes the top-level type int and the top-level structure Int in the Basis Library to be equal to IntInf.int and IntInf:INTEGER, respectively.

  • -disable-ann ann

    Ignore the specified ML Basis annotation in every ML Basis file. For example, to see all match and unused warnings, compile with

    -default-ann 'warnUnused true'
    -disable-ann forceUsed
    -disable-ann nonexhaustiveMatch
    -disable-ann redundantMatch
    -disable-ann warnUnused
  • -export-header file

    Write C prototypes to file for all of the functions in the program exported from SML to C.

  • -ieee-fp {false|true}

    Cause the x86 native code generator to be pedantic about following the IEEE floating point standard. By default, it is not, because of the performance cost. This only has an effect with -codegen x86.

  • -inline n

    Set the inlining threshold used in the optimizer. The threshold is an approximate measure of code size of a procedure. The default is 320.

  • -keep {g|o}

    Save intermediate files. If no -keep argument is given, then only the output file is saved.

    g

    generated .c and .s files passed to gcc and generated .ll files passed to llvm-as

    o

    object (.o) files

  • -link-opt option

    Pass option to gcc when linking. You can use this to specify library search paths, e.g. -link-opt -Lpath, and libraries to link with, e.g., -link-opt -lfoo, or even both at the same time, e.g. -link-opt '-Lpath -lfoo'. If you wish to pass an option to the linker, you must use gcc's -Wl, syntax, e.g., -link-opt '-Wl,--export-dynamic'.

  • -llvm-as-opt option

    Pass option to llvm-as when assembling (.ll to .bc) LLVM code.

  • -llvm-llc-opt option

    Pass option to llc when compiling (.bc to .o) LLVM code.

  • -llvm-opt-opt option

    Pass option to opt when optimizing (.bc to .bc) LLVM code.

  • -mlb-path-map file

    Use file as an ML Basis path map to define additional MLB path variables. Multiple uses of -mlb-path-map and -mlb-path-var are allowed, with variable definitions in later path maps taking precedence over earlier ones.

  • -mlb-path-var name value

    Define an additional MLB path variable. Multiple uses of -mlb-path-map and -mlb-path-var are allowed, with variable definitions in later path maps taking precedence over earlier ones.

  • -output file

    Specify the name of the final output file. The default name is the input file name with its suffix removed and an appropriate, possibly empty, suffix added.

  • -profile {no|alloc|count|time}

    Produce an executable that gathers profiling data. When such an executable is run, it produces an mlmon.out file.

  • -profile-branch {false|true}

    If true, the profiler will separately gather profiling data for each branch of a function definition, case expression, and if expression.

  • -profile-stack {false|true}

    If true, the executable will gather profiling data for all functions on the stack, not just the currently executing function. See ProfilingTheStack.

  • -profile-val {false|true}

    If true, the profiler will separately gather profiling data for each (expansive) val declaration.

  • -runtime arg

    Pass argument to the runtime system via @MLton. See RunTimeOptions. The argument will be processed before other @MLton command line switches. Multiple uses of -runtime are allowed, and will pass all the arguments in order. If the same runtime switch occurs more than once, then the last setting will take effect. There is no need to supply the leading @MLton or the trailing --; these will be supplied automatically.

    An argument to -runtime may contain spaces, which will cause the argument to be treated as a sequence of words by the runtime. For example the command line:

    mlton -runtime 'ram-slop 0.4' foo.sml

    will cause foo to run as if it had been called like:

    foo @MLton ram-slop 0.4 --

    An executable created with -runtime stop doesn’t process any @MLton arguments. This is useful to create an executable, e.g., echo, that must treat @MLton like any other command-line argument.

    % mlton -runtime stop echo.sml
    % echo @MLton --
    @MLton --
  • -show-basis file

    Pretty print to file the basis defined by the input program. See ShowBasis.

  • -show-def-use file

    Output def-use information to file. Each identifier that is defined appears on a line, followed on subsequent lines by the position of each use.

  • -stop {f|g|o|tc}

    Specify when to stop.

    f

    list of files on stdout (only makes sense when input is foo.mlb)

    g

    generated .c and .s files

    o

    object (.o) files

    tc

    after type checking

    If you compile with -stop g or -stop o, you can resume compilation by running MLton on the generated .c and .s or .o files.

  • -target {self|}

    Generate an executable that runs on the specified platform. The default is self, which means to compile for the machine that MLton is running on. To use any other target, you must first install a cross compiler.

  • -target-as-opt target option

    Like -as-opt, this passes option to gcc when compliling assembler code, except it only passes option when the target architecture or operating system is target.

  • -target-cc-opt target option

    Like -cc-opt, this passes option to gcc when compiling C code, except it only passes option when the target architecture or operating system is target.

  • -target-link-opt target option

    Like -link-opt, this passes option to gcc when linking, except it only passes option when the target architecture or operating system is target.

  • -verbose {0|1|2|3}

    How verbose to be about what passes are running. The default is 0.

    0

    silent

    1

    calls to compiler, assembler, and linker

    2

    1, plus intermediate compiler passes

    3

    2, plus some data structure sizes