Details and Notes
Based primarily on Section 19.1 of Modern Compiler Implementation in ML.
The main deviation is the calculation of liveness of the violating variables, which is used to predicate the insertion of phi arguments. This is due to the algorithm’s bias towards imperative languages, for which it makes the assumption that all variables are defined in the start block and all variables are "used" at exit.
This is "optimized" for restoration of functions with small numbers of violating variables — use bool vectors to represent sets of violating variables.
Also, we use a Promise.t to suspend part of the dominance frontier computation.