XMLShrink is an optimization pass for the XML IntermediateLanguage, invoked from XMLSimplify.


This pass performs optimizations based on a reduction system.


Details and Notes

The source program may contain functions that are only called once, or not even called at all. Match compilation introduces many such functions. In order to reduce the program size, speed up later phases, and improve the flow analysis, a source to source simplifier is run on XML after type inference and match compilation.

The simplifier implements the reductions shown below. The reductions eliminate unnecessary declarations (see the side constraint in the figure), applications where the function is immediate, and case statements where the test is immediate. Declarations can be eliminated only when the expression is nonexpansive (see Section 4.7 of the Definition), which is a syntactic condition that ensures that the expression has no effects (assignments, raises, or nontermination). The reductions on case statements do not show the other irrelevant cases that may exist. The reductions were chosen so that they were strongly normalizing and so that they never increased tree size.

  • let x = e1 in e2

    reduces to

    e2 [x -> e1]

    if e1 is a constant or variable or if e1 is nonexpansive and x occurs zero or one time in e2

  • (fn x => e1) e2

    reduces to

    let x = e2 in e1
  • e1 handle e2

    reduces to


    if e1 is nonexpansive

  • case let d in e end of p1 => e1 ...

    reduces to

    let d in case e of p1 => e1 ... end
  • case C e1 of C x => e2

    reduces to

    let x = e1 in e2